handonghi | February 15, 2013 | view 8,054
Transnational Municipal Networks in Climate Politics: From Global Governance to Global Politics (NOAH J. TOLY) 
   http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14747730802252479 Click count:1619

In a multilevel and multicentric governance arena, pathways and mechanisms of influence are
several and non-state capacities for technical leadership and norm entrepreneurship prove more
significant than is the case within a strictly multilateral framework. Among actors with such
capacities are municipalities, which multiply their influence through horizontal and vertical
relationships. Transnational municipal networks present opportunities for both intermunicipal
dialogue and the pooling of global influence, highlighting the presence and influence of the city
in the world. This paper examines the collective response of some cities to climate change,
exploring the place of cities in global environmental politics through analysis of two
transnational municipal networks: the International Council of Local Environmental Initiatives’
Cities for Climate Protection and the International Solar Cities Initiative. The article addresses
the following questions: How might municipal efforts toward a climate-stable future be
significant to the larger issue of ecological justice in global environmental politics? Might cities
be able to redefine the rules of the game and take a stand on ‘inefficient’ norms? After briefly
accounting for the relationship between cities and the world, the article characterizes technical
leadership as a legitimizing force of and in global environmental governance and norm
entrepreneurship as a potential source of contestation and subversion in global environmental
politics. The paper describes what cities are globalizing, in terms of pollution, environmental
degradation, and risk, and in terms of management and politics. Finally, the article explores the
possibility that emerging horizontal and vertical relationships, intermunicipal relationships, and
relationships between cities or networks of cities and other scales of governance potentiate
legitimizing roles for cities in climate governance and subversive roles in climate politics.